A total eclipse of the Sun will occur on March 9, 2016. From India it will be seen as partial solar eclipse at sunrise. The same will be visible from most places of India except from North West and western parts of the country.
In most places of India, the partial phase of the eclipse begins before sunrise that is partially eclipsed sunrise will take place. However, start of partial phase of the eclipse will take place just after sunrise from Northeast India. As one moves towards the east of the country, the duration of the partial eclipse increases reaching up to a duration of about one hour and more in extreme Northeast India and in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Considering the Earth as a whole the partial phase of the eclipse will begin at 4 h 49 m IST. The total phase will begin at 5 h 47 m IST. The total phase will end at 9 h 08 m IST. The partial phase will end at 10 h 05 m IST.
In India obscuration of the sun by the moon at the time of greatest phase of partial eclipse will be around 15 percent in Agartala, 24.5 percent in Bhubaneswar, 11 percent in Guwahati, 18.5 percent in Kolkata, 12 percent in Patna, 49 percent in Port Blair, 12 percent in Silchar etc. However, the greatest phase of the partial eclipse will not be seen from many places in India as the sunrise will take place after the time of occurrence of greatest phase at these places.
The Moon’s penumbral shadow produces a partial eclipse, visible in the region covering South East Asia including India, Thailand, Indonesia, South Korea, Japan, Australia and the North Pacific Ocean.
The total eclipse of the Sun would be visible within a narrow corridor in the northern Hemisphere. The totality path would passe through Sumatra, Borneo, Indonesia and the North Pacific Ocean. The instant of greatest eclipse occurs at 7 h 27 m IST when the eclipse magnitude reaches 1.044 with duration of totality 4 minutes and 14 seconds in a region of Pacific Ocean.
Eclipsed Sun should not be viewed with the naked eye, even for a very short time. It will cause permanent damage of the eyes leading to blindness even when the moon covers most portion of the Sun. Safe technique to observe the solar eclipse is either by using proper filter like aluminised Mylar, black polymer, welding glass of shade number 14 or by making projection of Sun’s image on a white board by telescope.
Featured Image: NASA