Assam elections: A mysterious puzzle of demography

Assam elections: A mysterious puzzle of demography

GUWAHATI: In the history of Indian politics Assam is always been known for its traditionally voting along the ethnic lines. It has a different demographic pattern which is incomparable with the North Indian voting prototype.

In Assam diverse ethnic communities and linguistic origins like the Austroasiatic, Dravidian,Mongolian, Indo-Aryan prepares the blend. Buts it is only the poll time when the quick carve can be seen among the ethnic identities.

The over the years, the sense of neglect and oppression among these different ethnic groups intensifies the ethnic identities and the impact is always felt during poll time.



In Assam even though eight of the state’s 126 assembly seats are reserved for scheduled caste (SC) candidates and 16 for scheduled tribes (STs) Caste hardly matters.

Assam’s 3.12 crore population comprises 38,84,371 STs and 22,31,321 SCs shows the province’s demographics fragmented character.


Assamese society is also sharply divided on religious grounds, in which Muslims comprising of 34.22% population.

More than 25% are Bengali Hindus, of which majority belongs to the SC category.

The major tribal groups are Bodos, Sonowals, Karbis, Lalungs or Tiwas, , Dimasas , Rabhas, Garos etc. There are also many other small tribes.

Not to forget the Tai Ahoms, Koch Rajbongshis, Morans, Motoks, Sooteas, and tea tribes/adivasis who forms the majority.


After the Assam Agitation, the anti-foreigner movement started from 1979 to 1985, this revolt has a tremendous impact on the way the state votes used to be in early 80’s.

After agitation the Assam Accord was signed in 1986 after which Asom Gana Parishad (AGP) was formed. After this, AGP alone formed Government twice.

With the ascent of AGP and regionalism, the emphaticness of ethnic gatherings dilated and that they sought for a lot of distinguished stake within the state’s governmental problems.
Each party now required to ascertain its competitors voted to manage or have its own specific political outfit.
The disturbance and also the succeeding marking of the state Accord to boot finished single-party power rose within the state.

Similarly Muslims on the other hand were separated on ethnic lines, with Bengali-speaking Muslims stretching out vital backing to AIUDF and Assamese Muslims leaning toward the Congress.

A small portion of the minority also floated towards BJP.

The BJP on the other hand tried to create advances among adivasis, which was once a Congress vote-bank.

(TNT News)

Featured image: File photo(




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