Nagaland is the only state in India with lowest accidental deaths. If one goes by the latest report of the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), India’s Ministry of Home Affairs, titled, ‘Accidental Deaths & Suicides in India, 2015’which was released in the last week of December 2016. It said that at 3.7%, Nagaland has the least number of accidental deaths among the States and Union Territories in the Indian Union. The state is also ranked the second in terms of road accidental deaths.
The highest rate of accidental deaths was reported from Chhattisgarh (75.1) followed by Puducherry (73.4), Maharashtra (54.2), Madhya Pradesh (52.7), Haryana (48.8) and Tamil Nadu (48.7). 17 out of 36 States/UTs have reported higher rates of ‘Accidental Deaths’ as compared to All India Average of 32.8 deaths per one lakh of population, it stated. However, while the accidental deaths at national level decreased by 8.5% during 2015 as compared to 2014; Nagaland at 49.2% reported the second highest percentage increase in total accidental deaths in the year 2015 as compared to 2014, behind Uttarakhand (121.1%).
Tripura reported a decline of 44.7% in total accidental deaths in the year 2015 as compared to 2014 followed by Chandigarh (41.2%), Mizoram (40.2%) and Manipur (36%). NCRB classifies all accidents into three categories – natural accidents, un-natural accidents and other causes of accidental deaths (sudden deaths with no apparent cause of death like heart attacks, deaths during pregnancy, poisoning, etc. i.e. accidents not falling into either natural accidents or un-natural accidents).
Traffic and Road accidents
Likewise, in the case of traffic accidents, Nagaland had the lowest numbers at 51 cases, out of which there were 56 reported deaths.Apparently, bad road condition has its perks if one looks at the data on State/UTs wise road accident in 2015.
At 42 cases of road accidents, Nagaland has the lowest number among the States/UTs. The road accidents also resulted in 47 fatalities. However, a worrying trend was that, out of the 47 deaths – 22 were due to ‘over speeding’ and 8 due to ‘dangerous and careless driving.’ No one reportedly died driving under the influence alcohol. Most of the death occurred in National highway (22) and other roads (15) while most of the vehicles involved were SUV/Station Wagons and Cars, resulting in the deaths of 27 persons.
Second least suicidal state
With a suicidal rate of 0.9% against the National average of 10.8 %, Nagaland also has the second lowest percentage of suicide just behind Bihar at 0.5%. The State had 21 suicide cases in 2015. Nationally, Maharashtra holds the distinction of being the state with the highest number of suicides in the country last year where 16,970 people committed suicide in the state in 2015. The total number of suicides in the country grew by 1.5 per cent from 1, 31,666 lakh in 2014 to 1, 33,623 lakh in 2015.
In a worrying trend however, Nagaland was among the top 5 States/UTs which witnessed significant percentage increase in suicides in 2015 over 2014. There were 13 suicides in 2014.
The top 5 were Uttarakhand (129.5%), Meghalaya (73.7%), Lakshadweep (66.7%), Nagaland (61.5%) and Jammu & Kashmir.The highest percentage decrease was reported in Jharkhand (35.8%), Bihar (28.2%), Manipur (26.0), and Rajasthan (22.5%). The most suicides per population happen in Puducherry and Sikkim. On an average, 432 out of every 10 lakh people commit suicide in Puducherry, the number is 375 per ten lakh in Sikkim.
In case of Nagaland, men showed more suicidal tendencies with 15 cases while there were 6 female suicides in 2015. All died by hanging. Self-employed, unemployed and unmarried persons (21) constituted most of the suicides victims with most cases occurring due to financial matters.
Moreover there are more preventive measure being sorted out in order to bring a further decline in statistics of accidental, road accidental and suicidal deaths.
Source: The Morung EXpress
Image courtesy: Internet