There are many provisions in India when it comes to protecting animals. Although many people still remain unaware of the laws that already exist that have been passed to safeguard animals in our country. For example, did you know that it is illegal to relocate stray dogs that have been spayed? Or, do you know that it is also against the law to organize animal fights?
According to the Humane Society International/India, the following are what have been laid down on the legislation to protect animals in the country so that we can stay informed regarding the rights and protection available to animals.
1. According to Article 51A(g), it is the fundamental duty of every citizen of India to have compassion for all living creatures.
2. As per IPC Sections 428 and 429, it is a punishable offence to kill or maim any animal, including stray animals.
3. Did you know that according to Section 11(1)(i) and Section 11 (1) (j), PCA Act, 1960, abandoning any animal for any reason can land you in prison for up to 3 months.
4. Rule 3, of Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, (Slaughterhouse) Rules, 2001 and Chapter 4. Food Safety and Standards Regulations, 2011, no animal (including chickens) can be slaughtered in any place other than a slaughterhouse. Sick or pregnant animals shall not be slaughtered.
5. ABC Rules,2001 states that stray dogs that have been operated for birth control cannot be captured or relocated by anybody including any authority.
6. Section 11(1)(h) of the PCA Act, 1960 states that neglecting an animal y denying her sufficient food, water, shelter and exercise or by keeping him chained/confined for long hours is punishable by a fine or imprisonment of up to 3 months or both.
7. Monkeys are protected under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and cannot be displayed or owned.
8. Bears, monkeys, tigers, panthers, lions and bulls are prohibited from being trained and used for entertainment purposes, either in circuses or streets. Section 22(ii), PCA Act, 1960.
9. Animal sacrifice is illegal in every part of the country. Rule 3, Slaughterhouse Rules, 2001.
10. Organizing of or participating in or inciting any animal fight is a cognizable offence. Section 11(1)(m)(ii) and Section 11(1)(n), PCA Act, 1960.
11. Cosmetics tested on animals and the import of cosmetics tested on animals is banned. Rules 148-C and 135-B of Drugs & Cosmetics Rules, 1945.
12. Teasing, feeding or disturbing the animals in a zoo and littering the zoo premises is an offence punishable by a fine of Rs. 25000 or imprisonment of up to three years or both. Section 38J, Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
13. Capturing, trapping, poisoning or baiting of any wild animal or even attempting to do so is punishable by law, with a fine of up to Rs. 25000 or imprisonment of up to seven years or both. Section 9, Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
14. Disturbing or destroying eggs or nests of birds and reptiles or chopping a tree having nests of such birds and reptiles or even attempting to do so constitutes to hunting and attracts a punishment of a fine of up to Rs. 25000, or imprisonment of up to seven years or both. Section 9, Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
15. Conveying or carrying animals whether in or upon any vehicle, in any manner or position which causes discomfort, pain or suffering is a punishable offence under two Central Acts. Section 11(1)(d) Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, (Transport of Animal) Rules, 2001 and Motor Vehicles Act 1978.
Picture Source: Internet