Meghalaya is home to some of the rarest wild fruits. Some of these local fruits exist only in the State and in some parts of the Northeast region. While these wild fruits are edible, they are also high in their nutritional content and have medicinal values as well. Here are 6 wild edible fruits grown in Meghalaya and their medicinal uses.
Mostly found on the onset of summer, Sohphie is a sour fruit eaten by the locals in Meghalaya. This fruit is eaten raw and also used for as pickle. The refreshing drink of the fruit is believed to cure stomach problem like dysentery.
Sohphie Nam is smaller and red in colour and is slightly sweeter in taste. There are many medicinal benefits of this fruit; the bark is astringent, carminative, antiseptic and decoction used in asthma, fever, chronic bronchitis, lung infections, dysentery and in toothache. The leaf, fruit, root and bark are used for worms, jaundice, and dysentery.
Sohshang is a large woody, evergreen and fast growing shrub with densely crowded branches. Also found on the onset of summer, the fruit is rich in vitamin C and minerals like calcium, magnesium, potassium and phosphorus besides other bioactive compounds. The presence of flavonoids, flavonols and other phenolic compounds with antioxidant activity play a preventive role in many ailments including different forms of cancer.
The ripe fruits of Soh Lyngdkhur are black in colour and mostly eaten by the local people. It is distinctively sweet in taste and the fruit is used in the treatment of fever whereas the leaves after decoction (mash then boiled) are used as gargle in inflammation of vocal cords.
The fruits are edible and also used to make fruit juice called as Um Soh-Iong in khasi. The fruit is sweet and the leaf is diuretic (substance that promotes the production of urine) and used in dropsy (abnormal accumulation of fluid in the body).
Referred to as a tuber rather than a fruit, Sohphlang is rich in its nutritive content and has high medicinal values. The raw tuber or the root peel is directly consumed for the treatment of soft-bodied intestinal worms.