Sonaram R Sangma is a household name among the Garos occupying an important chapter in the history of Garos of Meghalaya. It was he, who for the first time, created national consciousness among his people.
Sangma was born around 1867 (exact date not known) at a small hamlet called Rongrokgre situated by the side of Nachirongdik in Garo Hills.
After completing his studies, Sangma joined the Government service in the Public Works Department office as a Mohurer. He left PWD in 1899. He constructed a road from Tura to Rongrenggiri along the bank of Simsang river via Rombagiri, Chokagiri, Rangmalgiri and Dolwagiri and this road was known by the people of that localities as Sonaram Sorok or Sonaram road.
Sonaram R. Sangma was a strong believer of self abnegation and was devoted to the political work and social services as a part of his life. A robust and ardent patriotism bordering upon deep trenchant antagonism to Bijni rule in the Garo dominated areas was the essence of his personality. He was an agitator, a non-violent revolutionary and a great propagandist.
Sonaram was drawn into the vortex of national struggle against the zamindars and the British. The Nokmas, Laskars and other Garo leaders whose lands were encroached upon by zamindars approached his for advice, guidance and to head the agitation.
He was at the forefront of the Garo national struggle for grievances pertaining to the Nazarana lands and the Habraghat Pargana, restoration of the reserved forests to the Garos and abolition of the Begar system or Impressment of labour.
(Compiled by: Nawaz Yasin Islam)